Laparoscopy is actually a diagnostic procedure which is mainly used to examine the organs that are present inside the abdomen. This is a very low risk, minimally invasive procedure which requires only very small incisions.
This entire process is done with an instrument called laparoscope and it takes a good look at the abdominal organs. This is a very ling and thin tube which has a high resolution camera at the front of it. This instrument is put through the abdominal wall within the incision. As the instrument moves along, it sends images to the video monitor.
Laparoscopy allows your doctor to see inside your body in real time, without open surgery. Your doctor also can obtain biopsy samples during this procedure. There are many laparoscopic surgeons in Pune who can perform this with perfection.
Now, the question is, why is this test done? Well it is mainly done to diagnose the source of the abdominal or the pelvic pain that the patient is suffering from. This is mainly performed with an invasive method.
In many cases, abdominal problems can also be diagnosed with imaging tests like:
- Ultrasound; which uses high frequency sound waves to create images of the body.
- MRI scan which is mainly uses the magnets and radio waves which produces images of the body.
- CT scan; which is a series of special X rays that takes all the cross sectional images of the body.
Laparoscopy is performed when these tests do not provide enough information or insight for a proper diagnosis. The procedure may also be used to take a biopsy or a sample of tissue from a particular organ in the abdomen.
Laparoscopy can be done on the following organs like:
- small intestine and large intestine (colon)
- pelvic or reproductive organs
By observing these areas with a laparoscope the doctor can find out whether the patient is suffering from
- fluid in the abdominal cavity
- abdominal mass or tumour
- any kind of liver disease
- the effectiveness of certain treatments
- the degree to which a particular cancer has progressed
Now the question is, are there any risks in this test? Well, the most common risk which is associated with this test is infection, bleeding, and damage to the abdomen. But these things happen very rarely. When the procedure is over it is also very crucial to watch any kind of infection attacks on the patient. One can suffer from intense abdominal pain, fevers or chills, redness, bleeding and swelling of the incision area, shortness of breath, continuous nausea or vomiting, inability to urinate and persistent cough.
There is a small risk of damage to the organs being examined during laparoscopy. Blood and other fluids may leak out into your body if an organ is punctured. In that case, one has to call out for a surgeon to get immediate help.
But otherwise, it is more or less a safe process to go thorugh.